For context, whites represent about 76% (including "white Hispanics") of the U.S. population. Blacks make up about 13%.
Per FBI arrest data for 2019, whites comprised 59% of violent crime and 67% of property crime arrests. Blacks comprised 36% of violent crime and 30% of property crime arrests.
By type of violent crime:
By type of property crime:
The FBI (and a number of other government agencies) does not count Hispanic as a separate race—the category only appears under ethnicity.
By contrast, only about 3% of Hispanics identify as black.
A 2018 Bureau of Justice Statistics report "analyzed the offending patterns of 67,966 prisoners who were randomly sampled to represent the 401,288 state prisoners released in 2005 in 30 states" and found:
A 2019 issue brief by the Manhattan Institute found:
A 2017 report from the United States Sentencing Commission found that "Black male offenders received sentences on average 19.1 percent longer than similarly situated White male offenders" during fiscal years 2012-2016.
The report cautions, "Because multivariate regression analysis cannot control for all of the factors that judges may consider, the results of the analyses presented in this report should be interpreted with caution and should not be taken to suggest discrimination on the part of judges."
According to a 2020 Pew Research Center article, the nation's imprisonment rate "is at its lowest level in more than two decades. The greatest decline has come among black Americans, whose imprisonment rate has decreased 34% since 2006."
"Between 2006 and 2018, the imprisonment rate fell 26% among Hispanics and 17% among whites," the article says.
The decline in imprisonment rates has roughly coincided with a steep decline in crime rates.
According to the same Pew article, "The U.S. violent crime rate fell 51% between 1993 and 2018, while the property crime rate decreased 54% during that span, according to the FBI."
According to a 2018 study by Stephen B. Billings of the University of Colorado at Boulder, “[T]he incarceration of a parent may benefit the child. Benefits occur for end-of-grade exams and behavioral (e.g. suspensions, absences) outcomes with positive effects concentrated among young children with mothers that commit violent crimes or fathers with alcohol/drug offenses. Results suggest that parental incarceration leads to the removal of a negative role model and changes in a child's home environment due to household reformation."